Ideology determines how a state will function. Ideology is the overall philosophy guiding every decision made by a government. Ideology defines actions and justifies the unjustifiable.
History has seen several ideologies rise and fall. Tribalism guided humanity before civilization. Absolute monarchs, backed by priests, ruled most nations until the enlightenment in the 18th century – when they were replaced by parliamentarians and constitutional monarchs. The 20th century saw the rise, and fall, of two terrible twins – communism and fascism, along with the creation of the neo-liberal world order.
Neo-liberalism, as an ideology, is entering a state of decay. Neo-liberalism has wreaked havoc on the middle class and has fed profits to the wealthy – Thomas Piketty details this problem in his Magnum Opus, Capital in the 21st Century. The answer, in recent times, has been populism. The impact of populist insurgencies has been mixed – some populist movements are built on snake oil, others constructed on the powerful foundation of truth and anger. Nevertheless, it is to be decided as to whether populism is a true solution for the problems of the 21st century.
The Technocratic movement presents itself as a new dynamic – one which can be melded with populism to produce a powerful new set of political ideals. Technocratic ideas lifted 700 million individuals out of poverty in China when technocracy triumphed over Mao Zedong’s ideological fanaticism. Technocratic ideas built Singapore from a weak, resource-poor backwater into an economic giant.
Technocracy, in it of itself, is a simple concept. It is the idea that scientists and engineers must be present in government, and that running a country is a scientific process – one which involves data, experimentation, constant improvement, and innovation. The rationale behind why technocracy works is also relatively simple – as technology advances, leaders who understand technology are most able to tap this technology for the benefit of their population.